STYLE GUIDES: There are three main style guides for academic writing.
Which one should you use? That depends on your university, your advisor, your target journal.
1. American Psychological Association (APA)
– just released 7th edition of its guide, but 6th still most common as of 2020.
APA has announced free reading of its publications during the pandemic pandemonium.
The APA 6 blog is still treasure. It is now archived, at
The transition blog is at https://apastyle.apa.org/blog
The 7th edition blog has begun to roll at https://apastyle.apa.org/blog/future-blog
Here’s a chart comparing APA 6 to APA 7 in the points where they differ.
2. Chicago Manual of Style (CMoS)
A huge tome, with a great online version and support pages
3. Modern Language Association of America (MLA)
The MLA Handbook is used by a big segment of academia too.
The Conscious Style Guide
A very different world of style: woke / gender / race / age … all those sensitive areas.